There are believed to be at least fourteen spellings of this name which is understood to be a derivative of the Celtic 'Hor' meaning 'a Lord' or the equally Celtic-Breton 'Guenevere', translating as 'the fair and free one'. The name development with earliest recorded dates includes: Juer (1605), Juers (1601), Jure (1615), Jewar (1618), etc.. One Anne Jewer, daughter of Benjamin and Julian, was christened at St. Dunstan, Stepney, on August 5th 1625. William Jewer married Anne Farrer at St. Peter-le-Poer, London, on July 22nd 1650, and Sarah, daughter of William and Anne Jewer, was christened at St. Gregory by St. Paul, London on August 7th 1644. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Elizabeth Jewers, which was dated 1620 Baptised at Stepney, London, during the reign of King James 1 of England and VI of Scotland 1603-1625. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.